Junipers, yews, cypresses and spruces and other evergreen trees and shrubs add year around beauty to your landscape. These plants are tough but they need a little extra protection to get through winter. I am going to give you four tips to protect your evergreen trees and shrubs with a few simple gardening tools.
Water well in summer and fall. Help your plants withstand winter’s extreme temperature by keeping the needles well hydrated. So water heavily and consistently in summer and fall up until the ground freezes.
You want to mulch your evergreens all around the base with a thick layer about three to four inches of mulch in late autumn. This should be done so you have lots of mulch around the bases of the plant but not up against the bark of the stem or the trunk. You want it to almost be like a shallow bowl or a donut. And this mulch blanket is going to help keep the soil moisture a little more consistent and the soil temperature a little more consistent. So you don’t have to all the frost heathen.
Keep your needles from dying out. Cold harsh winter winds can really pull the moisture out of an evergreen. Now the sun, which can scald the needles and the harsh wind, just pulls the moisture right away so to protect your needles. You want to use an anti-desiccant spray which will help the needles retain the moisture inside. Read the directions before use and concentrate on the sides that are going to receive the most wind, like the south side or the southwest side of the plant. Now you can also use your anti-desiccant spray on your Christmas trees or your wreaths to preserve them even longer.
Offer protection from the wind, sun and deer. You can build a barrier to protect your evergreen trees and shrubs. If they’re up against the house or some other building, you’ll need one panel or maybe two. If they’re out in the open though building a triangle or square is the best way to go. You’re going to need some garden tools like wooden stakes, chicken wire, and then burlap or some kind of covering. So you take the wooden stakes, position them about six inches from the edge of the tree and pound them in. After that, you want to attach the chicken wire to the post. And from there you simply put the burlap right around the chicken wire. And you attach it with either ties or staples. Now in spring, take the whole thing down and you’re ready to go again.
If you have evergreens planted in a pathway or a driveway where you are going to have use some de-icer, then use as little as possible. Try your best to have true aim and keep it from being underneath the plant and keep it on the actual driveway or the pavement. If you are in the position like on a parkway or in an alley where your evergreens are going to have to receive some salt, then choose salt tolerant varieties like junipers and yews. It is not hard to protect your evergreens or your investment in winter. Doing so means you’ll enjoy these beautiful plants in your landscape for years to come.